Canada’s territories currently do not have a regulatory framework in place to address AV use on their respective roads.
ICBC states that AVs do not qualify for insurance as British Columbia laws do not permit driverless vehicles.
Alberta does not currently address the operation of AVs directly via legislation, but the Province continues to pilot numerous innovative programs to take advantage of AV technology.
Provisions related to the use
of AVs are not yet in force in Saskatchewan.
The Vehicle Technology Testing Act governs the regulation of AVs within Manitoba and allows the Minister to issue a “technology testing permit”, allowing a “test vehicle” to be driven with or without an automatic driving system engaged.
The Highway Traffic Act governs the regulation of AVs within Ontario, informed by guidance from the Ministry of Transportation under the Automated Vehicle Pilot Program.
Québec allows AV driving to the general public at SAE level 3 for vehicles that are authorized for sale and purchase in Canada.
Once the Traffic Safety Act is in force in Nova Scotia, the Minister will be granted the authority to impose insurance requirements for the operation of AVs.
Newfoundland and Labrador has not yet implemented any formal legislation regarding AVs. New Brunswick is one of six named provinces that is a part of the Natural Resources Canada $2.4 million investment in 500 Level 2 charges. PEI is one of five provinces that is a part of Electrify Canada’s network for expansion.