A weakness in the diaphragm lets the stomach move up into the chest, allowing acid into the esophagus. Causes heartburn, swallowing problems & cough. Those over age 50 are at greatest risk. This internal hernia isn't visible on the body’s surface.
Intestine or fatty tissue pushes through an opening in a surgical scar on the abdominal wall. The elderly, overweight & inactive are at greatest risk. Accounts for 10% of all hernias.
Fatty tissue pushes through a weakness in the abdominal wall between the navel and breastbone. Includes epigastric, umbilical & incisional hernias. One of the most common operations U.S. general surgeons perform.
Fatty tissue pokes through the abdominal wall into the inguinal canal through a defect present from birth. Age or stress may be factors. Represents 80% of all hernias. Affects far more men than women.
Fatty tissue or intestine invades the canal surrounding a major artery. Often a medical emergency. Obesity and pregnancy increase risk. Most often affects older women. Accounts for
5% of all hernias.
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A neglected hernia can grow larger and more painful, and lead to complications and possibly emergency surgery. Early repair is more successful, less risky and offers a better recovery and outcome.
Don’t wait to seek help!
Maybe your doctor finds it when you turn your head & cough. Or you spy a soft bulge on your belly when you stand (or sneeze, lift or bend) that’s easy to push back.
5 Common Types
Your Hernia Guide
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